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Addressing the First 90: A Highly Effective Partner Notification Approach Reaches Previously Undiagnosed Sexual Partners in Tanzania

Journal Article
(Published March, 2017)
Kahabuka, C. (Author),
Plotkin, M. (Author),
Christensen, A. (Author),
Brown, C. (Author),
Maokola, W. (Author),
Njozi, M. (Author),
Kisendi, R. (Author),
Mlanga, E. (Author),
Lemwayi, R. (Author),
Curran, K. (Author),
Wong, V. (Author)
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This study integrated partner notification in a structured way into routine facility testing, showing a substantial increase in previously undiagnosed individuals being diagnosed and linked to HIV care. To meet UNAIDS' 90-90-90 treatment goals, effective approaches to HIV testing services (HTSs) are urgently needed. In 2015, a cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate effectiveness and feasibility of partner notification for HTS in Tanzania. Men and women newly diagnosed with HIV were enrolled as index clients, listed sexual partners, and given options to notify and link their partners to HTS. Of 653 newly diagnosed individuals, 390 index clients were enrolled, listed 438 sexual partners, of whom 249 (56.8%) were successfully referred. Of 249 partners reaching the facilities, 96% tested for HIV, 148 (61.9%) tested HIV+ (all newly diagnosed), and 104 (70.3%) of partners testing positive were enrolled into HIV care and treatment. Results showed good acceptability, feasibility and effectiveness, as evidenced by high uptake of partner notification among newly diagnosed individuals, over half of listed partners successfully referred, and a very high positivity rate among referred sexual partners.

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Citation: 
Kahabuka C, Plotkin M, Christensen A, Brown C, Njozi M, Kisendi R, et al. Addressing the First 90: A Highly Effective Partner Notification Approach Reaches Previously Undiagnosed Sexual Partners in Tanzania. AIDS Behav. 2017