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Patient-centered primary health care: synergy potential for health systems strengthening.

Journal Article
(Published August, 2013)
Johnson, P. (Author),
Fogarty, L. (Author),
Fullerton, J. (Author),
Bluestone, J. (Author),
Drake, M. (Author)
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The article describes the findings of an integrative review of the literature to analyze factors contributing to high-quality pre-service education. While the literature contains a rich discussion of these factors, few studies make a link between pre-service education and impact on the health system. Nevertheless, it is logical that the production of trained, competent staff through high-quality pre-service education and continuing professional development is the foundation required to achieve desired health outcomes. Professional regulation, deployment practices, workplace environment upon graduation and other service delivery contextual factors were analyzed as influencing factors that affect educational outcomes and health impact. Based on this analysis, the authors present a model for pre-service education that reflects the investments that must be made by countries to produce graduates who are competent for their health occupations and professions at the time of their entry into the workforce.

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Citation: 
Johnson P, Fogarty L, Fullerton J, Bluestone J, Drake M. An integrative review and evidence-based conceptual model of the essential components of pre-service education. Hum Resour Health. 2013;11(1):42.