Competency-based education and training programs focus on competency (i.e., the ability to perform a skill or skills to a specific standard and apply the appropriate knowledge and attitudes to achieve optimal job performance). A continuous approach to learning includes pre-service education, in-service training, and continuing professional education.
Sources: Sullivan et al. 1998. Clinical Training Skills for Reproductive Health Professionals. Second edition. Baltimore, Maryland: Jhpiego; Fogarty et al. 2012. The Health Impacts of Pre-Service Education: An Integrative Review and Evidence-Based Conceptual Model. FINAL DRAFT. Baltimore, Maryland: Jhpiego.