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Infectious Diseases

According to the World Health Organization, an increasing number of countries face a double burden of disease from chronic diseases, such as heart diseases and cancer, and infectious diseases. Meanwhile, the global health community continues to struggle to control and prevent infectious diseases as part of initiatives aimed at improving maternal and child health and survival. Present work builds long-standing efforts to address acute respiratory infection, diarrhea, vaccine-preventable diseases and malaria in children, as well as to control, prevent and mitigate the HIV/AIDS epidemic. And While focusing on preventing diseases that take a particular toll on women and children—such as malaria, tuberculosis and influenza—treatment and control programs must also address the growing concern of antimicrobial resistance.