Assessment of Midwifery and Nursing Students’ Nutrition Competence in Ethiopia: A Cross Sectional Study

Journal Article
(Published November, 2017)
Yimer, E.M. (Author),
Desta. F.A. (Author),
Akassa, K.M. (Author),
Yitaferu, T.B. (Author),
Abebe, M.G. (Author),
Tariku, M.K. (Author)
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A total of 113 students from four public universities in Ethiopia participated in the survey using a five-station objectively structured clinical examination. Only 38.1% of students demonstrated adequate competency in nutrition. The mean percentage score for nutrition knowledge and skills were 63.8% and 46.6% respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between midwifery and nursing students’ nutrition competence (P>0.05). Both cadres scored a mean value above 50% in the knowledge assessment, except in the competency areas of nutrition and HIV. However, both showed lesser competence in performing basic nutrition skills such as anthropometry. Midwives scored higher than nurses on counseling mothers on optimal breast feeding (p=0.001). The majority (98.2%) of students reported that they had no access to nutrition skills laboratory when they took the nutrition course. In multivariable analysis, students who perceived the practice sites as conducive for nutrition skills learning achieved higher levels of competence. Conclusions: The target students were deficient in nutrition competencies. The study suggests revision of midwifery and nursing curricula for adequacy and relevance of nutrition contents, learning and assessment techniques. Nutrition skills learning both in skills lab and at clinical and practical settings need to be strengthened.


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Yimer EM, Desta FA, Akassa KM, Yitaferu TB, Abebe MG, Tariku MK, et al. Assessment of midwifery and nursing students' nutrition competence in Ethiopia: a cross sectional study. International Journal of Health Sciences Education. 2017;4(2).