Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision

Evidence from three high-profile studies found that voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) reduces female-to-male HIV transmission by approximately 60%. MC also reduces acquisition and transmission of a number of other reproductive tract infections. It is estimated that the rapid scale up of adult and adolescent MC to 80% coverage could avert 4 million new HIV infections by 2025, saving as many lives and US $20 billion in HIV care and treatment costs. To help meet the tremendous demand for the procedure, comprehensive MC services for adults, adolescents and neonates are being rapidly scaled up in high-HIV-prevalence settings in Africa. Materials here contain up-to-date, evidence-based guidance on providing safe MC services as part of reproductive and basic health care for men and boys in such limited-resource settings.